Space is empty. But it has, its own volume. It is nil density existence. Hence it shows nil resistance property to the motion of high density existence. Space is essential requirement for the motion of an existence.
Matter also has its own volume and has density greater than zero. Therefore matter shows high resistance for the motion of an existence.
Matter contain or occupies its own volume. That volume always will remain with that matter, wherever it will moves. Hence it will not occupies empty space’s volume. Else it displaces the empty space to other region.
Therefore space is not fixed like a container and matter’s existence is not depending on space. Without space also matter (filled existence) existed. Matter (filled existence) and space are separate existences.
I don’t know from how many centuries or from how much time, it was understood that “Matter occupies space”. In reality matter does not occupies space. In thread and in my paper I have said in detail, about it.
Till now scientific world does not have a consensus about the space. There are different opinions about space.
1) Some say space is not existence, it is only a notion.( Space does not contain anything. Therefore some people say space as nothing or not existence.)
2) Some say it is an existence and it is filled.
(Because in some peoples view space is full of virtual particles at the quantum mechanical level. i.e particles that cannot be detected directly but whose existence can be inferred and they say it is filled of various fields like electric, magnetic, gravitational, ect..)
3) Some say it is an existence and it is empty.
But there is no consensus about it. Members of this forum also expressed different opinion about space in “Matter Occupies Space ?” discussion.
(Generally science world understands that space is like a fixed container and matter occupies that container and space necessary for survival of matter.)
But my paper strongly support the third view and it is in the way to get consensus about space.
(It says space is a existence and it is empty. If you have questions about, how and why space is like that? You will get answer and satisfaction for all your doubt in the above thread or in my blog http://www.spaceandconsensus.wordpress.com)
About movement also there is no complete consideration of world’s existences by scientific community. Because, if a question will asked to anybody that,
What is required for movement of an existence ? (In case of non inertial motion)
Then, by present science knowledge everyone says FORCE (/net force) is required to move a thing.
Which motion does not require external force, that type movement is called as inertia. According to great scientist Newton, this type movement is a natural phenomena. But he has not given the reason for the question, why it is a natural phenomena?
Because Newton has only given importance to the force in the movement. He has not considered the empty space importance in the movement.
If we keenly observed the inertial motion, then we know that, “inertial motion may not required external force for that’s motion. But a much low level denser existence must and should exist in the surroundings of moving existence or in the direction of the that inertial movement. Then only inertial motion may possible.
(Less denser existence contains empty space in high extent compared to more denser existence. For example: air and liquid are less denser existences compared to solids.)
Therefore only FORCE is not essential thing, for an existence’s movement. With Force, EMPTY SPACE also must and should required for a motion.
In this world, if Force only has existed and Empty space does not exist, then any movement will not takes place. If we do experiment with my prediction then we know about this.
From this base, I am saying that filled existence (mass, matter and energy) and empty existence (space or empty space or vacuum) are different existences and matter does not occupy empty space.
I am using one of the important post of the thread to write this blog. In my paper, I have only discussed the simple experiment and prediction has not given.
Now I am explaining, with combination of my paper simple experiment and predictions. Here I have given perfect definition for existence, empty existence and filled existence.
Testing established science statement :
Science is the study of natural phenomena with experimental test and observation with reasoning. Therefore first we will test the established science’s “matter occupies space” statement.
Established science says that matter occupies space. To test this, we do simple experiment.
In below figures, it is assumed that in ‘Z’ region pure empty space has existed. ‘A’ and ‘B’ are solid (rocks) existed in ‘E’ and ‘F’ region.
According to established science empty space has the property of allowing itself to matter, for occupying.
(Because, as per established science one of the property of matter is “occupying space”. Then space property will become, allowing itself to matter, for occupying.)
Therefore, when we place ‘A’ solid in ‘Z’ region, defender of established science, says that ‘Z’ region’s empty space has occupied ‘A’ solid in it.
Hence they say empty space and ‘A’ solid both have existed in same Z region.
As per their argument, if empty space has existed in same ‘Z’ region, then it must and should have “lets itself to be occupied by matter” property in it.
To test this, we try to put ‘B’ solid in same ‘Z’ region.
But it is not possible to put ‘B’ solid in same ‘Z’ region (where already ‘A’ solid has existed).
This phenomenon also will defend by defender of established science by following statement.
By above statement defender of main stream science, differentiate space into
1) Occupied space
2) Unoccupied space.
In their view “occupied space” means ‘A’ solid existed ‘Z’ region and they thinks in same Z region empty space also has existed.
If we accept ‘A’ solid region as occupied space and empty space also has existed in same Z region then,
We can not say, space as empty. Because ‘A’ solid is not empty.
Also, here we are not seeing space and matter as different existences. Here defender of established science is calling only one existence, with two names. One as name of “occupied space” and another by name of ‘A’ solid.
It says that space and matter are both same existence and there is no difference in between them.
Secondly, when ‘B’ solid has not takes the place of same Z region, they defend this phenomenon as
When Z region will be unoccupied, then it will occupy B solid.”
Here we have to think that,if any entity has any property, then that property must and should remain with that entity, in all conditions.
When B solid not takes the place of Z region (after putting A solid in it), then also if we accept space till existed in Z region. Then it implies that Z region space does not contain any property.
But it is not scientific that considering an existence without any property
Because we identify the existences on the base of their property. If we consider anything as an existence then it must and should contain some property and that property should remain same with that entity, in all conditions .
Therefore it is impossible to exist, any entity without any property.
If we consider space as an existence and it has “allowing itself to matter for occupying” property then it has not existed in ‘Z’ region, after putting ‘A’ solid in it.
Now we observe above tests with the definition of existence.
Observing above tests with definitions of existences :
In this universe only existence has existed that is distributed in two types.
Those are 1) Filled existence and
2) Empty existence
First we know what is the existence? and how can we differentiate two existences?
Existence: Existence is the size or volume. It contains same average density.
Differentiation of existences: In a considered volume, if difference in average density has existed, then they are separate existences.
Definition of two type of existences.
Empty existence: It is a size or volume. It contains same zero average density.
Filled existence: It is a size or volume. It contains same greater than zero density.
According to these definitions, it is not possible to say, space has existed in same ‘Z’ region even after putting ‘A’ solid in it.
Because solids always have average density, greater than zero and the pure empty space has zero average density.
And, Greater than zero average density ≠ zero average density.
Hence empty space (containing zero average density) has not existed in ‘Z’ region, after putting ‘A’ solid in it.
Now we observe above tests with my predictions.
Observing above tests with predictions :
My first prediction also does not allow to say, space has existed in same ‘Z’ region (even after putting ‘A’solid in it).
My first prediction say’s that,
“Resistance to movement of an existence is mainly depending on another existence density, which has existed in the direction of force or net force.”
(Resistance to a movement is mainly depending on differences in between two existences density.)
According to this prediction, if space has existed in ‘Z’ region, then it (space) must not show any resistance for B solids movement into ‘Z’ region.
Because space is nil density existence or empty. Therefore it contain nil resistance property for motion. That’s why, it does not shows any opposition to the ‘B’ solid’s motion.
But ‘B’ solid has faced high resistance, when we tried to put it in ‘Z’ region. These observations says that empty space has not existed in Z region, (after putting A solid in it).
Therefore only ‘A’ solid has existed in ‘Z’ region.
Existence of only ‘A’ solid in ‘Z’ region is indication of displacement of empty space from ‘Z’ region.
My second prediction is based on this natural phenomena, that says
“Every movement of an existence is depending on displacement of another existence, which has existed in the direction of force or net force”.
“An existence speed will be greater than zero, if and only, if it is capable to displace another existence which has existed in the direction of force or net force.”
It may be inertial motion or non inertial motion, but this rule is common for both motions.
When we tried to put ‘A’ solid in ‘Z’ region. Then it entered into ‘Z’ region. But ‘B’ solid has not entered into ‘Z’ region.
(In other way ‘A’ solid’s speed is greater than zero and ‘B’ solid does not have greater than zero speed, while entering into ‘Z’ region.)
By this we observe that , ‘A’ solid capable to displace empty space of ‘Z’ region . Hence it entered into ‘Z’ region and empty space displaced to another region.
Mean while ‘B’ solid has not entered into ‘Z’ region. Because it is incapable to displace ‘A’ solid, Which has previously existed in Z region. Therefore it has not moved into the ‘Z’ region.
These observations says that every motion is depending on another existence’s displacement, which has existed in the direction of force or net force.
For perfect understanding, we can test this prediction by putting ‘A’ solid on water of a container. When we place solid on the water, then the solid (more denser existence) enters into the container by displacing the water (less denser existence).
In these both examples, displaced things are same relative less density existences and moving thing is relative more density existence.
These observations clearly says that, movement of more denser existence will displace less denser existence.
And generally it has observed that, less denser existence displaced by movement of high denser existence.
Empty space has always zero average density. Therefore, by movement of more denser existence, it can be easily displaced to another region.Hence it is impossible to occupy it by any matter (or by more denser existence).
Hence matter does not occupies space.
In these tests and observations we observed the size or volume as common property of empty space and matter. This observation is results to discover the reason for expansion of space.
By definition of existence, we already know that an existence’s main property is size or volume. Therefore solid, liquid and gas all have their own volume.
In this universe a process is continuously running naturally. i.e.
Conversion of more denser existence, into less denser existence Or conversion of matter into energy. In stars we can see this process. This process is increasing the volume of universe.
Suppose, today, if we assume whole universe volume (including all universal existences) as infinite ‘V’.
Then next day its volume is increasing V+ e.
‘e’ is energy emitted by all stars of the universe.
In science already a relation is exist. i.e.
Density = Mass / Volume, Then
Volume = Mass / Density.
If we assume mass as a fixed quantity. Then this relation says that, as density decreases, volume increases.
(Suppose mass is fixed quantity of 10 units, then as D decreases, V increases, 10/5=2=V, 10/2=5=V)
By conversion of matter into energy, now a day’s universe density is decreasing. Hence automatically volume of this universe is increasing. This is the phenomenon of expansion of space.
The conversion of more density existence into less density existence or matter converting into energy is the main reason for expansion of space.
As conversion of energy is increasing, volume of universe is also increasing.
As universe density is decreasing, volume of universe is increasing.
Therefore, increase in volume is directly proportional to converted matter into energy.
Increase in volume is directly proportional to decrease in density of whole universe existences.
This is the main reason for expansion of space.
Experimental tests and observations with density relation (D=M\V) says this only. But unfortunately established science is believed in unknown dark matter and dark energy as reason for expansion of space.
Space has nil resistance property for motion. Therefore it will not show opposite reaction to filled existence. Hence in case of considering empty space as an existence, Newton third law will not obey.
It may be inertial motion or non inertial motion but empty space is one of the essential entity for motion. In inertial motion it is the primary requirement of that motion. In this universe movement is taking place means empty space has existed. Because, resistance to the movement is mainly depending on another existence density, which has existed in the direction of force or net force.
If another existence density is high then that strongly oppose the motion. Then movement will not takes place.
But empty space is a nil density existence. Hence it does not show any opposition to the movement. Therefore empty space existed in the direction of force or net force, is the reason for the motion of filled existence.
If anything is moving in a direction then it implies, empty space has existed in that direction in a small extent or in high extent.
This empty space has a specific size or volume and matter also has it’s own volume or size. For this reason, when we place matter in empty space region, it will not occupy the empty space. Instead space will be displaced to another region.
Therefore, matter does not occupy the space.
Filled existence does not occupy empty existence.
a) Space may essential for forming of different types of matter. For example: ICE, WATER, AIR.
b. Space may necessary for motion of an filled existence.
But space is not necessary for ‘survival’ of matter or filled existence. Filled existence is not dependent of space. Without space also filled existence will be existed.
1) Space is not fixed like a container. It can be displaced to another region by motion of high density existence.
2) Filled existence and empty existences are separate existences and space is not essential entity for survival of matter or filled existence.
Mathematical approach to this article
A] Space is not constant or fixed like a container:
1) V=Ev+Fv (An existence formula)
This is formula for volume of an existence.
Here, V= total volume of an existence, Ev = volume of empty existence, Fv = volume of filled existence, this is also a formula for volume of whole universe.
2) RV1=DV2 (Evidence for space formula)
This is formula for my first prediction “Resistance to the movement of an existence is mainly depending on another existence density, which has existed in the direction of force or net force”.
Here, RV1= Resistance to motion of V1, DV2= Density of V2, V2 is relatively less moving or constant compared to the V1
It is perfect formula for inertia. It may be used to know different density of V2. In test V1 and force applied on it to be same. But its speed will be tested on different V2 of same content like h2o. That is ice, water and steam.
By test we know existence of empty space in matter. Because as density of V2 decreases speed of V1 increases. In vacuum it’s speed is even high. Hence some empty space existed in matter.
(Existence of empty space in matter may also know by considering V1 as the particle of solid, liquid and gas. By instruments if we know the movement of particle V1 then that will move where less or nil density V2 has existed. That nil density is empty space.)
3) mV1=SV2 (Displacement formula)
This is formula for my second prediction “Every movement is depending on displacement of another existence, which has existed in the direction of force or net force”.
Here, mV1= movement of volume of first existence, sV2=displacement of volume of another existence
This formula says, motion of V1 is directly depending displacement of V2, existed in the direction of force/net force.
Means as V1 will move V2 displace. By second formula already we know that presence of empty space in matter. Hence when whole V2 displaces, its content empty space also displaces to other region. Therefore, If V2 contain only empty space that also displaces.
Hence space is not fixed like a container.
B] Filled existence and empty existence are separate existences:
Particle = A+B,
In this particle property of A is C. But we don’t know property of B.
But whenever A increases in the particle, C also increases and whenever B increases in the particle C decreases.
(if A> then C> ; if B> then C<)
In the particle if only A is existed and B=0 then, particle contain only C property. Then, Particle = A=C.
In the particle if only B is existed and A=0 then, particle contain opposite to C property. That may be D.
Then, Particle = B=D
When C≠ D, then A ≠ B, means A is opposite to B. If A and B are opposite things then there is no chance of creation of A, from B. OR There is no chance of creation of B, from A.
As like above particle example, “existences of nature” also contain same two things. One is empty existence (Ev) another filled existence (Fv).
We may consider solid, liquid. Gas these all contain both Ev and Fv. If we compare these with above particle example.
Then Fv has property of “Resistance to motion of an existence” and Ev has “Nil resistance to motion of an existence”.
We can know these property by formula RV1=DV2.
(RV1 = resistance to motion of V1, is depending on DV2= density of another existence, which has existed in direction of force/net force or motion)
Where an existence volume V= Ev+Fv, like particle example, here also, as Fv increases in an existence, resistance to motion increases. As Ev increases resistance to motion decreases.
(if Fv> then R> ; if Ev > then R<.)
By testing speed of iron ball through different matter (like ice, water, steam) having same content like h2o, we know that Fv is opposite to the Ev.
Therefore empty space and filled existence are separate existences.
C] Reason for expansion of space:
4] V=Ev+M/D (Reason for expansion formula)
(This is a modification of (1) formula. i.e V = Ev+ Fv, In established science there is a formula D=M/V, then V=M/D, this is only formula for filled existence. Because if D=0, then V=0. But in nature without density aslo volume or space is existed.)
This is formula for reason of expansion of space.
In this formula as D decreases total volume V increases. Same this process is running in this world. That is conversion of matter into energy, in the stars. Hence it is the reason of expansion of space.
D] Underastanding this article base P.P.Principle in the formula
This article base is Prem Parvathi Principle. This states that
“Nothing has never existed in any time”.
We may know this statement by the existence formula, V=Ev+Fv
Nothing =0 (Nothing means 0.)
World call nothing if V=Ev+0 (when Fv =0). But then ‘V’ will not become zero. Because, it contains some Ev size.
According to P P Principle nothing is only possible if V = 0+0. (Means when Ev=0 and Fv=0).
Principle says this “nothing or 0” has never existed in any time.
Hence, I request to readers that, please do not call empty space as “Nothing”. Because space is not nothing and it is existed.
But “Nothing or Not existence” has never existed in any time.
This article is reviewed by “facebook” science group in July 2012. Here is link for this.
Source: Matter Occupies Space ?
©2012, All copyright reserved of author S. G. CHIMMANCHODKER SEDAM
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